"Self-Assembly is a process by which disordered parts build an ordered structure through only local interaction. In self-assembling systems, individual parts move towards a final state, wheras in self-organizing systems, components move between multiple states, oscillate and may never come to rest in a final configuration."
Cell Phone Self-Assembly
Fluid Assembly Furniture
Programmable Materials & 4D Printing
"Programmable Matter is the science, engineering and design of physical matter that has the ability to change form and/or function in a programmable manner. 4D Printing, where the 4th dimension is time, is one recent example of PM that allows objects to be printed and self-transform in shape and material property when subjected to energy."
Transformable Meeting Spaces
Single Strand Structures
MarcoBot & Decibot
Granular Jammable Materials
"Granular jammable materials are structurally disordered solids, often made up of particles, that can instantly and reversibly transition from a non-solid, liquid-like, state into a solid state."